The Chair of Saint Peter

The Feast of the Chair of Saint Peter the Apostle
1 Peter 5:1-4  +  Matthew 16:13-19
February 22, 2016

“‘Whatever you bind on earth shall be bound in heaven; and whatever you loose on earth shall be loosed in heaven.’”

Peter is one of those saints so important to the life of the Church that he has more than one feast day during the year.  Today is “the Feast of the Chair of St. Peter”.

The chair is a symbol of authority.  Jesus refers to this in Matthew 23:2-3, when he commands and warns the crowd and his disciples:  “The scribes and the Pharisees have taken their seat on the chair of Moses.  Therefore, do and observe all things whatsoever they tell you, but do not follow their example.”  Of course, Moses must have had an awfully big chair for all the scribes and Pharisees to be able to fit into it… unless this “chair” is metaphorical, referring to the teaching and judging office that Moses held in the Name of God.

In today’s Gospel, Jesus declares to Simon:  “And so I say to you, you are Peter, and upon this rock I will build my church…” (Matthew 16:18).  The name that Jesus gives to “Peter” is a second metaphor for an office of teaching and judging, but to drive the point home, Jesus uses a third metaphor by speaking of the “keys of the kingdom of Heaven” (Matthew 16:19a).

The “power of the keys” is used in many ways:  some are specific to the Office of Peter (the papacy); others are shared with those ordained to priestly ministry (the Sacrament of Confession).  This leads us back to the Season of Lent.  Jesus mediates the grace of His Death and Resurrection to us through the ministry of mere human beings.  These human leaders of the Church have been chosen by God, and so we pray for them:  to be faithful ministers of God’s grace to us.

Chair of Saint Peter 2